- Native Plant Nursery
- Environmental Education
- Nature Guides
- About Us
Small brook trout may live in the shelter of larger rocks or tree roots, darting out in search of food. Raccoon and mink prowl the banks and flip over stones to find hidden insects or try to capture fish; birds and animals of many kinds come to drink or bathe along its edges.”
Department of the Environment, Wildlife and the Island
Streamsides play a key role in healthy wildlife communities and offer the richest diversity of any part of the forest. Shrubs and trees provide food and cover for many species of birds, amphibians and mammals. Plant species unique to narrow zones along streams add to the richness. These areas are also important as travel corridors, where animals can move from one area to another with some measure of protection.
Along streams, trees help reduce erosion and prevent waterways from silting up. Roots bind the soil together, leaf cover lessens the impact of heavy, potentially-eroding rains and large, dead trees on the ground can stop soil from moving downslope. Silt can smother the gravel beds needed for trout and salmon spawning habitat and destroy aquatic insects.
Shrubs and trees also shade waterways, preventing overheating that can be harmful to fish. Especially within older forests, logs and woody debris falling into streams create pools that provide useful habitat for fish.
What you can do: