Amphibians & Reptiles

amphibians and reptiles

Amphibians & Reptiles of Prince Edward Island

Welcome to our Nature Guide section on amphibians and reptiles!

Here you will find tons of photos and information on all of our species of amphibians and reptiles. As PEI once had many more streams, rivers and ponds, it still has a strong presence of amphibians in many of our woodlands, riparian zones, and bogs.

Reptiles

Reptiles are less represented in this province compared to the other maritime provinces which boast snakes as well as turtles. Here in PEI our only reptiles are 3 species of snakes, and sadly, we have no native turtles.

Amphibians

All amphibians need to spend part of their life cycle in water, often during their larval stage. This means that all amphibians need to live near water throughout their lives, but most need some kind of water, usually slow or standing, to lay their eggs in. They do this to ensure protection for their young, and as most species hatch into a water breathing larval form like a tadpole; hatching in water is crucial to survival.

The one amphibian who breaks this rule is the red-back salamander, a common resident of the acadian forest. While these salamander still need moist conditions to survive, they are a terrestrial salamander that lay their eggs in rotten wood. Their eggs act as water filled sacs that provide the larval form of the salamander, still contained in the egg, a place to grow and swim. This adaptation allows them to survive in mature woodlands without the need of large or even vernal pools of water.


Amphibians

Reptiles

As you scroll through our guides, you’ll notice some guides have more information or better photos than others. We are always looking to increase the quality and accessibility of our nature guides.

If you are interested in helping us improve these guides, whether through photos, research, writing or website development, then please contact us via phone: (902) 651-2575 or email: danielmcrae@macphailwoods.org

Upcoming Events

Jun
3
Sat
10:00 am Plants of Prince Edward Island
Plants of Prince Edward Island
Jun 3 @ 10:00 am – 12:00 pm
Plants of Prince Edward Island @ Macphail Woods Nature Centre | Vernon Bridge | Prince Edward Island | Canada
In celebration of Island flora, biologist Kate MacQuarrie will be sharing her love of plants at Macphail Woods on Saturday, June 3. Kate will walk the nature trails of the Sir Andrew Macphail Homestead in
Jun
11
Sun
2:00 pm Nature-friendly Forest Managemen...
Nature-friendly Forest Managemen...
Jun 11 @ 2:00 pm – 4:00 pm
Nature-friendly Forest Management with Bob Bancroft @ Macphail Woods Nature Centre | Vernon Bridge | Prince Edward Island | Canada
Come on out to the Macphail Woods Nature Centre on Sunday, June 11th at 2pm for a great walk and talk with Bob Bancroft. Bob will draw on over 40 years of experience looking after
Jul
3
Mon
9:00 am Becoming a Naturalist Week 1
Becoming a Naturalist Week 1
Jul 3 @ 9:00 am – Jul 7 @ 3:00 pm
This camp builds on the camper’s ability to encounter and describe the natural world. They will use journals, collecting equipment, and take part in many fun activities that will expand their understanding of how to