Braun’s Holly Fern

Braun's Holly Fern sori

Braun’s Holly Fern (Polystichum braunii)

Identification

Braun’s holly fern is part of the wood fern family (Dryopteridaceae). The Braun’s holly fern gains its name from the similarity of its sub-leaflets (pinnules) to the leaves of holly. The frond can be evergreen in milder climates and is a dark green. The fronds have a narrowed tip and base, and have scales on the underside. The fronds are typically large, growing up to 70cm high and 22 cm wide. The sub-leaflets of Braun’s holly fern have serrated margins with bristle-edged teeth. The stem is short, stout, erect, and is covered in brown scales.

Habitat

Braun’s holly fern prefer cool, moist, and shaded areas within a forest, but is also capable of growing on rocky slopes and moist cliffs.

Propagation

Reproduction occurs both by spore and vegetatively by rhizome.