Marten (Martes americana)
According to early French and British records, marten’s were common in abundance although they were shy, seldom seen animals. Marten fur was prized and by late nineteenth century, they are gone from any records.
Lynx (Lynx canadensis)
Known as the “wild cat” or “lucifee” by the french, the lynx was viewed negatively as there were reports of lynx attacking farm livestock. A bounty was placed on lynx in the 1820’s and by 1890, they were unknown on the Island.
Woodland Caribou (Rangifer caribou)
Moose (Alces alces)
Interesting to note that there are no written records of moose ever occuring on PEI. Considering people were aware of moose in NB and NS, it’s absence from the written records we know of so far is interesting.
Black Bear (Ursus americanus)
The last Black Bear killed in Prince Edward Island was on Feb 8th, 1927 near the Souris Line Road.
River Otter (Lutra canadensis)
During the French period, it was believed otters were common in the many bays and harbors around the Island. However, being a prized fur with high monetary value, otters were quickly trapped to expiration on the Island.
Fisher (Martes pennanti)
Wolf (Canis lupus)
Early french records indicate that wolfs were present on PEI, however in low numbers. The last mention of wolf on PEI is 1721