American Elm

American elm

American Elm (Ulmus Americana)

White Elm is confined mainly to the western portion of the province where is occurs in scattered patches espically in low-lying areas. It is a medium sized tree here, about 50 to 60 feet high with a diameter of a little over a foot. In the forest, it forms a tall straight trunk which rises to a considerable height before branching. In the open, it often divided near the ground into several limbs which gradually spread out to form a fan-shaped crown. The lower limbs, and small branch-lets are inclined to droop. White Elm does well on rich, moist, well-drained sandy loam or gravelly soils, where the water table is near the surface. It grows singly or in mixtures with other hardwoods and softwoods. The wood is valuable for its strength and toughness. This tree is widely planted for ornamental purposes.

 

Historical Information:

Early records of PEI forest descriptions did not include elm very often, indicating it was a rare or scarce. It is mentioned that elm were found in the areas such as Freetown, Campbelltown and generally in the western parts of the island. It was noted that the presence of elm trees indicated a mucky or swampy soil, usually situated on low-lands of rivers. Elm was an excellent wood for many purposes, however, it was just too rare. Elm’s were described as a beauty of the forest, and was quickly used for ornamental shade-trees around dwellings.

Upcoming Events

Jul
3
Mon
9:00 am Becoming a Naturalist Week 1
Becoming a Naturalist Week 1
Jul 3 @ 9:00 am – Jul 7 @ 3:00 pm
This camp builds on the camper’s ability to encounter and describe the natural world. They will use journals, collecting equipment, and take part in many fun activities that will expand their understanding of how to
Jul
10
Mon
9:00 am Young Ecologists Week 1
Young Ecologists Week 1
Jul 10 @ 9:00 am – Jul 14 @ 3:00 pm
This camp will begin to introduce the campers to the amazing complexity of our native Acadian forests. They will dissect owl pellets, take part in forest restoration planning and plantings and develop their understanding of
Jul
15
Sat
2:00 pm Forest Restoration Workshop
Forest Restoration Workshop
Jul 15 @ 2:00 pm – 4:00 pm
Forest Restoration Workshop @ Macphail Woods Nature Centre | Vernon Bridge | Prince Edward Island | Canada
The Forest Restoration workshop offers alternatives to clear-cuts and plantations, and other ideas on how to improve the health of Island forests. It starts with a presentation in the Nature Centre and then participants will