American Elm

American elm

American Elm (Ulmus Americana)

White Elm is confined mainly to the western portion of the province where is occurs in scattered patches espically in low-lying areas. It is a medium sized tree here, about 50 to 60 feet high with a diameter of a little over a foot. In the forest, it forms a tall straight trunk which rises to a considerable height before branching. In the open, it often divided near the ground into several limbs which gradually spread out to form a fan-shaped crown. The lower limbs, and small branch-lets are inclined to droop. White Elm does well on rich, moist, well-drained sandy loam or gravelly soils, where the water table is near the surface. It grows singly or in mixtures with other hardwoods and softwoods. The wood is valuable for its strength and toughness. This tree is widely planted for ornamental purposes.

 

Historical Information:

Early records of PEI forest descriptions did not include elm very often, indicating it was a rare or scarce. It is mentioned that elm were found in the areas such as Freetown, Campbelltown and generally in the western parts of the island. It was noted that the presence of elm trees indicated a mucky or swampy soil, usually situated on low-lands of rivers. Elm was an excellent wood for many purposes, however, it was just too rare. Elm’s were described as a beauty of the forest, and was quickly used for ornamental shade-trees around dwellings.

Upcoming Events

Apr
29
Sat
7:30 pm Owl Prowl 2017 #3
Owl Prowl 2017 #3
Apr 29 @ 7:30 pm – 9:00 pm
Owl Prowl 2017 #3 @ Macphail Woods Nature Centre | Vernon Bridge | Prince Edward Island | Canada
Come celebrate the wonderful world of owls at one of three Owl Prowls at the Macphail Homestead in Orwell on April 21, 22 and 29. The Sir Andrew Macphail Foundation will open up the Great
May
6
Sat
10:00 am Landscaping with Native Plants
Landscaping with Native Plants
May 6 @ 10:00 am – 12:00 pm
Landscaping with Native Plants @ Macphail Woods Nature Centre | Vernon Bridge | Prince Edward Island | Canada
The use of native plants to improve wildlife habitat, beautify yards and reduce the size of lawns is attracting a lot of attention these days. A wide variety of native trees, shrubs, wildflowers and ferns
May
13
Sat
8:00 am Birds 8 am and Breakfast 7 am
Birds 8 am and Breakfast 7 am
May 13 @ 8:00 am – 10:00 am
Birds 8 am and Breakfast 7 am @ Macphail Woods Nature Centre | Vernon Bridge | Prince Edward Island | Canada
Island woodlands are alive with birds and their songs. While year-round avian residents such as barred owls and juncos are already sitting on their nests, many migrants have just now returned and are singing up