The Macphail Woods Ecological Forestry Project, with support from the PEI 2014 Fund, the Island Nature Trust and Environment and Climate Change Canada EcoAction Community Fund has created a new 2.7 hectare (6.6 acre) Acadian forest.

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Click here to see map of the Fernwood Confederation Forest.

Since 2014, Macphail Staff, the Island Nature Trust and volunteers have been planting native trees, shrubs, wildflowers and ferns such as red oak, white ash, witch hazel, wild rose and blue flag iris. Community involvement has helped to not only create a new forest but also provided opportunities for environmental education, carbon offsetting, and improving wildlife habitat along the shore of the Bedeque Bay.

In 2012, the donation of the property (from the estate of Island artist Elaine Harrison, who named it “Windswept”) was directed by Executors Betty and Everett Howatt to the Island Nature Trust, who are now responsible for the management of the property.  Under the Natural Areas Protection Act, it has been designated as a Natural Area.

Foxes were to help with the plantings!

Foxes were there to help with the plantings!

A mixture of species and ages were to used during out plantings!

A mixture of species and ages were to used during out plantings!

This 2.7 hectare (6.6 acre) property is located in Fernwood and known as the Seacow Head Cliffs Natural Area as well as “Windswept”. The land is quite flat, reflecting its past history of agriculture.  The northern and western boundaries of the abandoned farmland are the Northumberland Strait, and are made up of high sandstone cliffs.  This area is suitable for colonial nesting birds such as Double-crested and Great Cormorants, hence the designation as a Natural Area by the province of Prince Edward Island.  Over the past four decades, cliff-nesting birds have been observed using these cliffs.

In the past, plantings of native and non-native species of trees and shrubs were carried out on the property. The most recent were by the Bedeque Bay Environmental Management Association and the Sea Cadets.

As of 2017, approximately 600 trees, shrubs, flowers and ferns have been planted on site using 30 different native species. These are all flora well suited to the varying conditions of the site as well as the climate of the region as they were grown from local seed stock. The plants chosen for plantings were of varying heights and ages to help develop a mixed-aged forest in the future, creating local seed sources and sizeable trees for wildlife, as well as changing habitat conditions for future plantings. This Confederation Forest site limited the number of species due to its sea-side locale, the prevailing winds and salt spray. Hardy native plants were chosen to being transitioning the property into a more protected site for future plantings. As the conditions on the site change, a larger variety of species will be planted enhancing biodiversity and food sources for wildlife.

We planted several large Red Oaks, our provincial tree!

We planted several large Red Oaks, our provincial tree!

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Please click here to download the full Ecological Management Plan.


Species planted in the Fernwood Confederation Forest

Upcoming Events

9:00 am Introduction to Native Botany
Introduction to Native Botany
Jul 14 @ 9:00 am – 1:00 pm
Introduction to Native Botany @ Macphail Woods Nature Centre | Vernon Bridge | Prince Edward Island | Canada
Introduction to Native Botany Saturday, July 14th $45 Register Nowby ACTIVE Network Plants are amazing organisms. Every year more scientific discoveries shed light on the fascinating lives of plants from tiny algae to ancient trees.
1:00 pm Forest Restoration Workshop
Forest Restoration Workshop
Jul 14 @ 1:00 pm – 2:30 pm
A walk and talk in a wide variety of forest habitats at Macphail Woods. The focus will be on restoring the native Acadian forest, looking at enhancement methods used on the property over the past
10:00 am Tracking the Mammals of PEI
Tracking the Mammals of PEI
Jul 28 @ 10:00 am – 11:30 am
Come on out and learn about the native and introduced mammals found on PEI, as well as a brief look at some of the mammals we’ve lost. After a brief slideshow, we’ll head off to
9:00 am How to Share a Love of Nature: A...
How to Share a Love of Nature: A...
Aug 1 @ 9:00 am – Aug 3 @ 3:00 pm
How to Share a Love of Nature: A Course of Island Educators @ Macphail Woods Nature Centre | Vernon Bridge | Prince Edward Island | Canada
How to Share a Love of Nature: A Course for Island Educators August 1st – 3rd $200 Register Nowby ACTIVE Network There is almost nothing as rewarding as watching a child fall in love with
1:00 pm Arboretum Volunteer Afternoon
Arboretum Volunteer Afternoon
Aug 11 @ 1:00 pm – 4:00 pm
Come out and help with our work on our Native Plant Arboretum. We’ll have lots of tools and compost and mulch, and a variety of native shrubs, wildflowers and ferns to plant. This is already

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