Amphibians & Reptiles


Amphibians & Reptiles of Prince Edward Island

Welcome to our Nature Guide section on amphibians and reptiles!

Here you will find tons of photos and information on all of our species of amphibians and reptiles. As PEI once had many more streams, rivers and ponds, it still has a strong presence of amphibians in many of our woodlands, riparian zones, and bogs.

Reptiles

Reptiles are less represented in this province compared to the other maritime provinces which boast snakes as well as turtles. Here in PEI our only reptiles are 3 species of snakes, and sadly, we have no native turtles.

Amphibians

All amphibians need to spend part of their life cycle in water, often during their larval stage. This means that all amphibians need to live near water throughout their lives, but most need some kind of water, usually slow or standing, to lay their eggs in. They do this to ensure protection for their young, and as most species hatch into a water breathing larval form like a tadpole; hatching in water is crucial to survival.

The one amphibian who breaks this rule is the red-back salamander, a common resident of the acadian forest. While these salamander still need moist conditions to survive, they are a terrestrial salamander that lay their eggs in rotten wood. Their eggs act as water filled sacs that provide the larval form of the salamander, still contained in the egg, a place to grow and swim. This adaptation allows them to survive in mature woodlands without the need of large or even vernal pools of water.


Amphibians

Reptiles

Garter Snake

Greensnake


As you scroll through our guides, you’ll notice some guides have more information or better photos than others. We are always looking to increase the quality and accessibility of our nature guides.

If you are interested in helping us improve these guides, whether through photos, research, writing or website development, then please contact us via phone: (902) 651-2575 or email: danielmcrae@macphailwoods.org

Upcoming Events

Jul
6
Mon
9:00 pm Summer Camp: Young Ecologists Se...
Summer Camp: Young Ecologists Se...
Jul 6 @ 9:00 pm – Jul 10 @ 3:00 pm
Young Ecologists: Session One This camp will begin to introduce the campers to the amazing complexity of our native Acadian forests. They will dissect owl pellets, take part in forest restoration planning and plantings and
Jul
13
Mon
9:00 pm Summer Camp: Nature Discovery Se...
Summer Camp: Nature Discovery Se...
Jul 13 @ 9:00 pm – Jul 17 @ 3:00 pm
Nature Discovery: Session One This camp will introduce the children to the woods, stream and native tree nursery that surround our Nature Center. The campers will delight in learning to use all their senses to
Jul
20
Mon
9:00 pm Summer Camp: Becoming a Naturali...
Summer Camp: Becoming a Naturali...
Jul 20 @ 9:00 pm – Jul 24 @ 3:00 pm
Becoming a Naturalist Session One This camp focuses on encountering and describing the natural world. Through the use of art and other hands-on outdoor activities, they’ll expand their understanding of life in the woodlands, waterways,
Jul
25
Sat
10:00 am Tracking the Mammals of PEI
Tracking the Mammals of PEI
Jul 25 @ 10:00 am – 11:30 am
Come on out and learn about the native and introduced mammals found on PEI, as well as a brief look at some of the mammals we’ve lost. After a brief slideshow, we’ll head off to
Jul
27
Mon
9:00 pm Summer Camp: Bushcraft Ecology A...
Summer Camp: Bushcraft Ecology A...
Jul 27 @ 9:00 pm – Jul 31 @ 3:00 pm
Bushcraft Ecology Ages 12-14 These campers will delight in learning survival skills such as one-match fire making, shelter building, rope making with natural fibres, and tracking animals. Touching on plant and tree identification, campers will

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