Amphibians & Reptiles


Amphibians & Reptiles of Prince Edward Island

Welcome to our Nature Guide section on amphibians and reptiles!

Here you will find tons of photos and information on all of our species of amphibians and reptiles. As PEI once had many more streams, rivers and ponds, it still has a strong presence of amphibians in many of our woodlands, riparian zones, and bogs.

Reptiles

Reptiles are less represented in this province compared to the other maritime provinces which boast snakes as well as turtles. Here in PEI our only reptiles are 3 species of snakes, and sadly, we have no native turtles.

Amphibians

All amphibians need to spend part of their life cycle in water, often during their larval stage. This means that all amphibians need to live near water throughout their lives, but most need some kind of water, usually slow or standing, to lay their eggs in. They do this to ensure protection for their young, and as most species hatch into a water breathing larval form like a tadpole; hatching in water is crucial to survival.

The one amphibian who breaks this rule is the red-back salamander, a common resident of the acadian forest. While these salamander still need moist conditions to survive, they are a terrestrial salamander that lay their eggs in rotten wood. Their eggs act as water filled sacs that provide the larval form of the salamander, still contained in the egg, a place to grow and swim. This adaptation allows them to survive in mature woodlands without the need of large or even vernal pools of water.


Amphibians

Reptiles

Garter Snake

Greensnake


As you scroll through our guides, you’ll notice some guides have more information or better photos than others. We are always looking to increase the quality and accessibility of our nature guides.

If you are interested in helping us improve these guides, whether through photos, research, writing or website development, then please contact us via phone: (902) 651-2575 or email: danielmcrae@macphailwoods.org

Upcoming Events

May
25
Sat
10:00 am Creating and Maintaining Hedgero...
Creating and Maintaining Hedgero...
May 25 @ 10:00 am – 11:30 am
This workshop will look at on creating diverse, beautiful and functional hedgerows and windbreaks using a variety of native plants. Participants will learn about which plants are best, spacing, planting and maintenance.
Jun
1
Sat
10:00 am Shelter-building for Kids
Shelter-building for Kids
Jun 1 @ 10:00 am – 11:30 am
Take your fort-building skills to the next level! Get outside with the whole family and learn more about shelter do’s and don’ts and how to hang a tarp securely. Let your wild creativity fly by
Jun
8
Sat
10:00 am Plants of Prince Edward Island w...
Plants of Prince Edward Island w...
Jun 8 @ 10:00 am – 11:30 am
Kate, one of the province’s foremost biologists, will focus on many of the plants, both native and non-native, that you commonly encounter, plus a look at lots of rare trees, shrubs, wildflowers and ferns. You
Jun
9
Sun
2:00 pm Debunking Forest-Wildlife Myths ...
Debunking Forest-Wildlife Myths ...
Jun 9 @ 2:00 pm – 3:00 pm
We are thrilled that Bob is coming over again from Nova Scotia. The well-known CBC Radio Noon guest and advocate for nature throughout the region will explore some of the myths surrounding forests and wildlife.
Jul
27
Sat
10:00 am Tracking the Mammals of PEI
Tracking the Mammals of PEI
Jul 27 @ 10:00 am – 11:30 am
Come on out and learn about the native and introduced mammals found on PEI, as well as a brief look at some of the mammals we’ve lost. After a brief slideshow, we’ll head off to

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