Amphibians & Reptiles


Amphibians & Reptiles of Prince Edward Island

Welcome to our Nature Guide section on amphibians and reptiles!

Here you will find tons of photos and information on all of our species of amphibians and reptiles. As PEI once had many more streams, rivers and ponds, it still has a strong presence of amphibians in many of our woodlands, riparian zones, and bogs.

Reptiles

Reptiles are less represented in this province compared to the other maritime provinces which boast snakes as well as turtles. Here in PEI our only reptiles are 3 species of snakes, and sadly, we have no native turtles.

Amphibians

All amphibians need to spend part of their life cycle in water, often during their larval stage. This means that all amphibians need to live near water throughout their lives, but most need some kind of water, usually slow or standing, to lay their eggs in. They do this to ensure protection for their young, and as most species hatch into a water breathing larval form like a tadpole; hatching in water is crucial to survival.

The one amphibian who breaks this rule is the red-back salamander, a common resident of the acadian forest. While these salamander still need moist conditions to survive, they are a terrestrial salamander that lay their eggs in rotten wood. Their eggs act as water filled sacs that provide the larval form of the salamander, still contained in the egg, a place to grow and swim. This adaptation allows them to survive in mature woodlands without the need of large or even vernal pools of water.


Amphibians

Reptiles

Garter Snake

Greensnake


As you scroll through our guides, you’ll notice some guides have more information or better photos than others. We are always looking to increase the quality and accessibility of our nature guides.

If you are interested in helping us improve these guides, whether through photos, research, writing or website development, then please contact us via phone: (902) 651-2575 or email: [email protected]

Upcoming Events

Jul
28
Sat
10:00 am Tracking the Mammals of PEI
Tracking the Mammals of PEI
Jul 28 @ 10:00 am – 11:30 am
Come on out and learn about the native and introduced mammals found on PEI, as well as a brief look at some of the mammals we’ve lost. After a brief slideshow, we’ll head off to
Aug
1
Wed
9:00 am How to Share a Love of Nature: A...
How to Share a Love of Nature: A...
Aug 1 @ 9:00 am – Aug 3 @ 3:00 pm
How to Share a Love of Nature: A Course of Island Educators @ Macphail Woods Nature Centre | Vernon Bridge | Prince Edward Island | Canada
How to Share a Love of Nature: A Course for Island Educators August 1st – 3rd $200 Register Nowby ACTIVE Network There is almost nothing as rewarding as watching a child fall in love with
Aug
11
Sat
1:00 pm Arboretum Volunteer Afternoon
Arboretum Volunteer Afternoon
Aug 11 @ 1:00 pm – 4:00 pm
Come out and help with our work on our Native Plant Arboretum. We’ll have lots of tools and compost and mulch, and a variety of native shrubs, wildflowers and ferns to plant. This is already
Aug
26
Sun
2:00 pm Festival of Forests
Festival of Forests
Aug 26 @ 2:00 pm – 6:00 pm
Our Third Annual Festival of Forests will be a family-friendly event, with children’s activities, guided walks, food and micro-workshops. This will be a great opportunity to explore the wonders of the Acadian Forest.
Sep
22
Sat
9:00 am Knots and Natural Cordage
Knots and Natural Cordage
Sep 22 @ 9:00 am – 1:00 pm
Knots and Natural Cordage @ Macphail Woods Nature Centre | Vernon Bridge | Prince Edward Island | Canada
Knots and Natural Cordage Saturday Sept 22nd $100 Register Nowby ACTIVE Network Does the job require a truckers hitch or just two half hitches? Should I use a sheet bend, zeppelin bend or a square

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