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As with all members of this family, the American toad is best distinguished by it’s rough, warty skin, and the two kidney shaped paratid glands located behind the eyes. Toads average about 5 cm in length. This species is entirely terrestrial as an adult. It is found in virtually all types of terrestrial habitats. Toads also have voracious appetites and consume, large numbers of insects and other invertebrates.
Toads breed in the spring in quiet waters (temporary or permanent), with the eggs being laid in long strings. The resulting tadpoles will transform into adults in early summer. One other feature worth mentioning is that the paratid gland secrets a toxin which makes toads inedible to most other animals.