Eastern Larch


Eastern Larch a.k.a. Tamarack (Larix laricina)

Juniper, as the majority of islanders call it, occurs throughout the province. No large or extensive pure stands occur but is chiefly confined to boggy areas gowing with balsam fir and black spruce. In better drained areas, it is found with black, red and white spruce, trembling aspen and white birch. Tamarack seldom reaches a height of over 60 feet on PEI with a diameter of over 18 inches. Tamarack is the heaviest and strongest of our softwoods. It’s resistance to decay makes it very suitable for posts, railway ties, and telephone poles.

 

Historical Information:

Tamarack or larch, was as distinctive for early recorders of island forests as it is today. It’s the only conifer to drop it’s needles every winter. Review of the records indicate that larch was not commonly seen throughtout the island, but rather in scattered areas. One area of concentration was in low wooded areas of western Prince County. Larch was noted to be a medium sized tree, rarely above 18 inches in diameter. Larch was associated with poor wet soils, in areas described as swamps and barrens. Usually associated with black spruce, ash and willow. Larch was a prized tree for it’s durability and resistance to decay. Used for ship building and was described as the best wood for knees and trunnells. Also, used for fence posts and later railway ties. Tamarack also was used to create a powerful turpentine with medicinal qualities.

Upcoming Events

Oct
3
Sat
9:00 am SWE Woodland Ecology I: Introduc...
SWE Woodland Ecology I: Introduc...
Oct 3 @ 9:00 am – 4:00 pm
Woodland Ecology I: Introduction to Forest Stewardship This course helps landowners gain the knowledge and skills they need to enjoy, improve and manage their own woodlot whether it be creating better access, harvesting wood or
Oct
11
Sun
2:00 pm Autumn in the Forest
Autumn in the Forest
Oct 11 @ 2:00 pm – 3:00 pm
A walk along the trails of Macphail Woods, looking at both plants and animals. This is a great outing for people of all ages.
Nov
7
Sat
9:00 am SWE Basic Chainsaw I: Safety and...
SWE Basic Chainsaw I: Safety and...
Nov 7 @ 9:00 am – 4:00 pm
Basic Chainsaw I: Safety and Felling Spring Session: Saturday, April 11th Fall Session: Saturday,November 7th When trying to manage a forest, being informed about the specific composition of species, soils, water and light is a
Nov
8
Sun
9:00 am SWE Basic Chainsaw II: Maintenan...
SWE Basic Chainsaw II: Maintenan...
Nov 8 @ 9:00 am – 4:00 pm
Basic Chainsaw II: Maintenance and Felling Spring Session: Sunday, April 12th Fall Session: Sunday,November 8th This course will continue to build on skills learned in Basic Chainsaw I. The morning will be devoted to learning

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