White Ash


White Ash (Fraxinus Americana)

Description:

Another rare native tree that turns up in surprising places – not only in West Prince, but in scattered patches in Kings and Queens counties as well. It is a tall, slender tree with gray or light brown bark, furrowed into diamond patterns. The leaves are compound, with small stems attaching leaflets to the main stem. The leaflets tend to be slightly rounded. Buds are opposite, furry and dark brown.

 

Growing Conditions:

This ash tolerates a wide variety of conditions, from moist soil to dry sites, from partial shade to full sun. It makes its best growth on rich, well-drained sites and light shading.

Propagation:

Seed should be collected from the tree if possible. Crops are usually quite heavy and can hang on late into the year. Throughout September and into October, collect the seed and plant as soon as possible. If the seed is allowed to dry out, it may take two years to germinate. Plant seeds every 2 in. (5 cm), in rows 6 in. (15 cm) apart, at a depth of 1/4 in. (6 mm). White ash makes very fast growth, generally over 12″ (30 cm) each year, so you can have very nice seedlings to plant out quite quickly.

Wildlife Uses:

The seeds are an important food source for red-winged blackbird, evening grosbeak, pine grosbeak, purple finch and other birds. Beavers often use young white ash for food.

Areas of usage:

Along with red oak, yellow birch and white pine, it is a favorite tree for reforestation. It can be used to diversify existing plantations, under planted after thinnings and planted in small openings in areas of old field white spruce. It grows quickly and can be used where raspberries and other competition might pose a problem. The wood is very valuable and used in making canoe paddles and tool handles, framing light vehicles and for a wide variety of other purposes. It is also excellent as an ornamental and can be used as a component in windbreaks.

Additional Information:

A few scattered white ash still exist throughout PEI. They are medium-sized trees around 50 feet in height and rarely exceeding one foot in diameter in this province. the trunk is tall and straight even when grown in the open. The crown is broadly rounded to pyramidal in outline, made up of moderately stout ascending branches. It grows best on a deep, well-drained soil along streams and on lower slopes, in protected situations. It is found scattered in small groups among other hardwoods. The wood is values chiefly for its toughness and resilience, hence, it is used for framework of light vehicles, in aircraft construction, skis, long handled tools and bentwood construction. The tree is often planted for ornamental purposes.

Upcoming Events

Jul
27
Sat
10:00 am Tracking the Mammals of PEI
Tracking the Mammals of PEI
Jul 27 @ 10:00 am – 11:30 am
Come on out and learn about the native and introduced mammals found on PEI, as well as a brief look at some of the mammals we’ve lost. After a brief slideshow, we’ll head off to
Aug
17
Sat
1:00 pm Volunteer Afternoon
Volunteer Afternoon
Aug 17 @ 1:00 pm – 4:00 pm
Come out and help with our work on our Native Plant Arboretum. We’ll have lots of tools and compost and mulch, and a variety of native shrubs, wildflowers and ferns to plant. This is already
Aug
25
Sun
2:00 pm Fourth Annual Festival of Forests
Fourth Annual Festival of Forests
Aug 25 @ 2:00 pm – 6:00 pm
Our Fourth Annual Festival of Forests will be a family-friendly event, with children’s activities, guided walks, food and micro-workshops. This will be a great opportunity to explore the wonders of the Acadian Forest.
Sep
21
Sat
7:00 pm September Stargazing
September Stargazing
Sep 21 @ 7:00 pm – 8:30 pm
Learn about the night sky and get to know some constellations. This outing will teach some basics of astronomy and then head out into the dark for naked-eye stargazing
Oct
13
Sun
2:00 pm Autumn in the Forest
Autumn in the Forest
Oct 13 @ 2:00 pm – 3:00 pm
A walk along the trails of Macphail Woods, looking at both plants and animals. This is a great outing for people of all ages.

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